The thyroid, a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, plays an important role in human growth and development. It secretes hormones that affect metabolism and supplies energy to the body as it needs it.
Because of its role in the body, thyroid disorders tend to involve how you regulate and use energy such as body temperature (whether you’re hot or cold), weight gain or loss, and whether you feel fatigued or stimulated.
Common Thyroid Disorders
- Goiter – Abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland; autoimmune disease and an iodine deficiency are common causes
- Grave's Disease – Autoimmune disorder of the thyroid that results in the overproduction of hormones (hyperthyroidism)
- Hyperthyroidism – Overactive thyroid, in which the gland produces too many hormones
- Hypothyroidism – Underactive thyroid, in which the gland fails to produce a sufficient amount of hormones
- Thyroid Cancer – Usually found within thyroid nodules; thyroid cancer is common, especially in women
- Thyroiditis – Inflamed thyroid gland
- Thyroid Nodules – An abnormal growth in the thyroid
Medications such as synthetic hormones may be used to balance hormonal levels if affected by a thyroid disorder. Surgical treatments may include thyroidectomy, which is typically done to remove tumors or when the gland is enlarged and is interfering with swallowing or breathing.
The ear, nose, and throat physicians at ENT & Allergy Center of Austin can expertly and efficiently identify and treat your thyroid condition. To make an appointment, call (512) 328-7722 or use our convenient online appointment request form. We see patients at several central Texas locations: Westlake, Cedar Park, and Round Rock.